On August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed the "Organic Act" which stated that the purpose of the newly formed National Park Service was "to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and wild life therein, and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations."
The language put forth to protect and preserve over 84 million acres of diverse, majestic lands across our country still rings true today. With the Centennial on the horizon it's a time to reflect but more importantly a time to look ahead. It will take more than our leaders in Washington to ensure that these lands continue to be preserved and accessible to all.
“The National Park Service’s 99th birthday is an opportunity to reflect on and celebrate the role of national parks in the American story,” said National Park Service Director Jonathan Jarvis. “And it’s also a time to look ahead to our centennial year, and the next 100 years. These national treasures belong to all of us, and we want everyone—especially the next generation of park visitors, supporters and advocates to discover and connect with their national parks.”
Get out there and wish a very happy birthday to your park!
Catalyzing Change by Rhianna Mendez
It has been a little over two months since I began my fellowship and was tasked with detailing the story of the Healthy Parks Healthy People: Bay Area collaborative. As I continue to interview stakeholders and partners from the world of parks, public health, and community based organizations, I am amazed by the many leaders in the bay area who catalyze change. Healthy Parks Healthy People lives within the individuals who work around hectic schedules to impact the lives of others. Healthy Parks Healthy People lives within the communities it reaches. I have been seeking out promising practices and potential lessons learned and along the way I have uncovered refreshing narratives filled with enthusiasm. The collaborative continues to grow and evolve after three years and I know all involved are excited to see what the next three years have to bring.
As First Saturdays continue to thrive with consistency and Park Prescriptions begin to take root, many are looking forward to larger systematic changes. Of particular interest is a change in the way we structure medical care. This concept, of course, is nothing new but there has never been a time where so many sectors are chipping away at an over-haul. There has been recent success in changing the way we bill a doctor’s time that allows for a conversation instead of just a diagnosis or prescription. One example revolves around palliative care and end-of-life discussions between doctors and patients. A very contentious topic in 2009 has now seen wider appeal as society begins to rethink the time doctors spend with us. The time is ripe for change and the collaborative will use this momentum to continue to impact lives locally and forge change nationally.
Visualizing The History of Fort Baker by Sophia Choi
It has been a little over two months since I took on the role as the Urban Fellow at the Institute. An important part of my project on post-to-park conversions has been looking back at the history of how Fort Baker and Crissy Field in the Bay Area, and Governors Island in New York, have developed into such wonderful public parks in urban areas.
One of the first steps in my search for lessons learned from the transformations of these urban parks was visiting Golden Gate’s park archive, located in the Presidio of San Francisco. The military building turned gold mine of photos, plans, and letters, was overwhelmingly abundant – in the best way. My first visit to the archives was a bit daunting, but the archival curator, Amanda, was extremely helpful in guiding me through millions of archived material on the Golden Gate National Parks.
Not knowing what exactly I was looking for, Amanda suggested I start from a large binder of photos and plates of Fort Baker. As I flipped through, page-by-page, I was amazed to find that the black and white images of military infrastructure looked exactly the same as how the buildings look now; the look of the building that used to be the home of military officers but now houses the Institute had not changed since its history.
Officer housing during military occupation at Fort Baker - Golden Gate NRA Park Archives & Record Center
Literature and document research has been crucial to gaining insight and learning from the transformation at Fort Baker. These photos showed a critical transition from a dilapidated military post to a thriving public place of nature and respite, all the while preserving the sites specific cultural landscape.
I felt a sense of nostalgia, tracing the steps of the park history vicariously through these photos. Being able to visualize and see Fort Baker’s history was impactful in my research both emotionally and intellectually. I was reminded of the importance of telling a unique story of a place, and how that story can create a more profound connection between people and their parks.
Come one, come all! Rosie the Riveter/WWII Home Front National Historical Park wants YOU to help break the Guiness World Record for largest crowd of people dressed up as Rosie the Riveter. History buffs, costume lovers, and coveralls aficionados are all encouraged to join us in Richmond, California for the exciting tribute to an American icon.
The event will take place on August 15th from 1-3 at the corner of Regatta Boulevard and Melville Square. For more information, including costume details, visit the official website here.
Rosie the Riveter/WWII Home Front National Historical Park is hosting this event and many others to encourage understanding of America's role in the second world war. As it is situated in Richmond, California, one of the many ship-building sites in the Bay Area during the war, it tells as much national history as stories of local pride. Rosie the Riveter is a cultural icon that shows the significance of women's economic power, but the National Historical Park takes a deeper dive into the role that WWII had in shaping our nation's trajectory.
In particular, the nationalism that cropped up during WWII had many ramifications on the trajectory of American identity and culture. Most of which were not as widely embraced as Rosie the Riveter. In particular, the internment of Japanese Americans during the war upheld narrow interpretations of what the limits of citizenship meant for different groups of Americans. Learn more about Japanese American internment during WWII at Rosie the Riveter.
Rosie the Riveter/WWII Home Front National Historical Park is a particularly important steward of cultural and natural resources for the Bay Area and the US precisely because it tells stories of the breadth of US involvement in WWII. Not all aspects of US involvement in WWII are as iconic and lauded as Rosie the Riveter, but that's exactly the reason why learning about them at Rosie the Riveter/WWII Home Front National Historical Park is important.
To learn more, visit the National Historical Park in Richmond, or explore its online content here.
Here at the Institute, we are BIG believers in collaboration. As a small but mighty team, we realize that to have the biggest possible impact and to create the change we want to see, we need to seek out, engage, and support other organizations to achieve our collective goals.
As such, a number of our programs focus on supporting collaborative efforts. Healthy Parks Healthy People: Bay Area and the Bay Area Climate Literacy Collaborative are two such projects. In both, the Institute plays the “backbone” role; supporting the collaborative through coordination, holding the vision, and ensuring that the group is functioning effectively in the pursuit of its goals.
Through both of these initiatives, we at the Institute have learned a lot about supporting multi-group collaborations (HPHP: Bay Area has over 40 members while our younger Climate Collaborative has over 20). By keeping an open mind and constantly striving to learn from those around us and our mistakes, we’ve picked up a number of tips and tricks along the way. This week, we thought we’d combine our collective knowledge and share our top pieces of advice for building effective collaboratives.
Kristin: The first step is always the hardest. Stop thinking about it and just do it.
Easier said than done right? Bringing together a group of individuals or organizations for the first time can strike fear in even the most seasoned collaborator. After ten years of community organizing and coalition building I’ve made my fair share of mistakes, stumbled over a few hurdles, and certainly learned some valuable lessons. Some of the biggest, and translatable, lessons I’ve learned for getting an effective collaborative off the ground are:
If you go in knowing the collaborative is a process not a project you’re already ahead of the game. Just don’t let perfect be the enemy of good. Have you had enough metaphors? Great. Get out there and do it and don’t forget to report back on your lessons learned.
Oksana: Manage structure without managing content.
Supporting collaborative initiatives is exciting work but requires unique skills, separate from those of collaborative members. One such skill that I have found to be incredibly helpful is the ability to manage structure without taking over managing the content coming out of the collaborative. For example, I may present on some best practices for drafting mission statements but will follow it with an opportunity for the collaborative members to use these tools to craft their own mission statement. Collaborative members must have the opportunity to share their thoughts, have their questions taken seriously, and make the ultimate decisions on the direction of the work, as they are the driving force behind the collaborative’s success. As the facilitator, I am best able to provide coordination and backbone support—setting the agenda, providing logistical support, keeping meetings on track, and jumping in if meetings are diverging dramatically from the agenda. However, the vision, goals, and activities of the group are decided by its members. Providing space for their input is crucial to creating a successful group where all members feel like they have buy-in.
Donna: Humility is crucial.
Humility is a crucial mindset to have when in a backbone position because it is the main bridge between a theory of change and its practice. As a backbone, it is often the case that you are not a practitioner in your topic of interest; for example, as a backbone to the Healthy Parks Healthy People: Bay Area collaborative, the Institute neither leads park programs nor prescribes time in parks. While being a backbone organization allows you to dive deep into the needs and future goals of your collaborative, this theory of change is colored by your role as a non-practitioner with a different set of agency constraints. When a collaborative’s practitioners implement these goals, they will necessarily adapt them to fit their own agency constraints. Humility and keeping an open mind is important when drafting these goals, but it is especially important considering that implementing these goals may look very different from the theory of change. Understanding the crucial role that humility plays in collaborative efforts ensures that there is flexibility and feedback when charting the course forward.
Catherine: Have patience!
Kristin’s sage advice that collaboration is a process, not a project, is something that has stuck with me since we first started thinking about forming a regional climate literacy collaborative. If I have learned one thing since then, it’s that processes take time! This is especially true when you want to ensure that all of your partners feel ownership of the process and are inspired by the results. In today’s grant-driven, output-oriented world, it can be scary and challenging to dedicate the time that it takes to make sure you have the right people at the table, that they’re all on the same page, and that they all feel connected to you, to each other, and to the work. While walking through the process can seem slow, creating a strong foundation is critical to the overall success and sustainability of the collaborative.
In the spirit of summer, the Institute has put together a list of some of our favorite foods to enjoy in the warm-weather. These recipes are good for a picnic, campout, bonfire, or really any activity that involves spending time outdoors and eating delicious food with friends and family. Whether you are planning the main event, offered to bring a side dish, or just want to surprise your friends with a yummy treat, we’ve got you covered. All of these recipes are vegetarian, because eating more plants and less meat can improve health and help combat climate change by cutting greenhouse gas emissions.
Here is how we envision the perfect summer day. First, find a store or farmers' market near you to buy local and organic ingredients. Second, follow the directions in the recipes below. Lastly, invite your friends over for a backyard gathering or a picnic in a local park and enjoy!
Ask anyone at the Institute, we love cheese. You can’t go wrong with Cowgirl Creamery, especially since they have a cheese named after Mt. Tam.
This stew is an easy way to celebrate the flavors of summer, and anything can be replaced with local farmers' market finds!
This side dish is perfect for a warm summer BBQ.
Photo credit: Food52
Side: Watermelon Salad with Feta and Mint
It’s the perfect light dish for a warm day.
- 3 cups seedless watermelon, cubed (or balled if you’re feeling extra fancy)
- 15-20 mint leaves, torn to confetti
- ½ cup crumbled feta cheese
- 4 tbsp (or more) Balsamic vinegar to taste
1. In a big bowl, toss watermelon, ¼ cup feta, and mint leaves together. Make sure the mint is evenly distributed throughout the watermelon pieces.
2. Pour balsamic vinegar over salad and toss again.
3. Sprinkle remaining ¼ cup feta on top of salad.
4. Refrigerate 2 hours before serving.
Dessert: Banana S’mores
A (mildly) healthy, and completely delicious dessert that’s perfect for a summer campout or enjoying in your own backyard.
- Chocolate chips
- Mini marshmallows
- Peanut butter
1. Take 1 banana and make an incision down the middle the long-ways.
2. Stuff the banana with one or more of the following: chocolate chips, mini marshmallows, and peanut butter.
3. Wrap it in tin foil, put it on a grill above a campfire for about 5 minutes, remove carefully and EAT!
Beverage: Fresh-squeezed Healthy Lemonade
Who doesn’t love fresh lemonade? An easier, yet still tasty and refreshing alternative to lemonade is lemon or cucumber-infused water, or any fruit-infused water for that matter.
Photo credit: Healthful Pursuit
Blog co-written with Donna Leong
At the Institute, we look at health inequity and climate change as imperative social issues, particularly now that mounding research is illustrating how the two are inextricably linked. Specifically, we create and join conversations where taking action includes viewing parks as part of the solution to these issues. Community health inequities and climate change are problems that affect societies on a collective scale. That is to say, the actions of a single individual are not necessarily the root of the cause, but the collective actions of many individuals can be. For example, one group may decide to close a grocery store in an underserved neighborhood or another group may open a coal mine, leading to food deserts and expanded fossil fuel emissions, respectively.
The individual scale on which most people operate creates a powerful psychological barrier to acknowledging the realities of climate change and health inequities. Climate change in particular is still perceived by some as a distant threat that is not directly relevant to existing communities, even despite the fact that a majority of Americans believe global warming is happening. Spurred by the misinformation campaign against the realities of climate change, this mentality of “not here, not now, not me” is quite tempting to adopt. However, illustrating the connection between climate change and health inequities is one powerful tool to make this issue more tangible and resonate with more Americans, without the political polarization which often arises in discussions of climate change as such.
There is robust research illustrating the connection between these two issues, ranging from the severe effects of extreme heat exposure, leading to preventable heat-related injuries and deaths, to increased levels of asthma and other respiratory illnesses as a result of air pollution made worse by climate change. These impacts are already being felt locally, nationally, and globally.
• Between 1999 and 2009, extreme heat exposure caused more than 7,800 deaths in the United States.
• In California, we are facing a first-ever statewide executive order for water reductions in order to combat the current drought likely resulting from climate change.
The infographic below illustrates the vast impacts that a warming climate can have on communities. The effects of climate change on health are far-reaching, effecting people living in rural, woodland areas, where they are more at-risk for wildfires, as well as urban populations that are disproportionately affected by heat-island effect. Particularly vulnerable groups include young children, the elderly, people with chronic medical conditions, and people of low-income.
(Infographic source: United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
While these impacts are pervasive, and perhaps daunting, people ranging from grassroots organizers to President Obama are discussing the connectivity of these issues with renewed vigor and taking action. At the Institute, we believe parks are problem solvers that provide unique solutions to the greatest issues, including the health impacts of climate change. Parks, especially urban parks, offer a number of ways to combat the effects of higher temperatures exacerbated by heat island effect. They temper high temperatures through shading and evapotranspiration, improve wind patterns in cities via park breezes, moderate precipitation events, and trap carbon in addition to other pollutants that adversely affect the ozone. Parks are also incredibly effective classrooms, acting as neutral venues to discuss—and witness—the effects of climate change. Additionally, parks are well-documented for having far-reaching physical, psychological, and mental health benefits.
When confronted daily by the immense challenges facing our environment and our public health, advocates for these issues are sometimes tempted to despair. At the same time, simple and tested policy solutions like parks tend to be overlooked in the political discourse surrounding climate change. As Occam’s razor would have it, though, the simplest answer can often be the right one. As part of a comprehensive program for addressing climate change, parks are the practical and scalable seed of environmental advocacy, ready to be nurtured in every community.
A typical conversation on a plane ride for me goes something like this:
Them: "Oh so you live in San Francisco, how nice. What do you do for work?"
Me: "I work for the parks."
Them: "Like Leslie Knope? I love that show!"
Me: "Sort of..."
I have a deep appreciation for the humor that the hit show Parks & Recreation has brought to its viewers and I can't help but love that Leslie Knope ended up with the National Park Service (and I'd like to think she became President...). While the show was fiction, it did paint a common view that many people have of our park systems across the country. A world full of red tape whose major win is filling in an abandoned pit. Luckily our park systems don't fall into this fictional world anymore and we don't have to rely on just Leslie Knope to fight the good fight.
This month we celebrate Parks & Recreation month and to mark the occasion the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) has put out a great video capturing the ways our parks have moved beyond recreation and into innovation.
Give it a watch. Share it with your networks. And be sure and thank the Leslie Knope's of the world who continue to champion and shape our park systems into places for health, sustainability, safety, and community resilience.
See you in the parks.
Photo credit: Canal Alliance
Last week we introduced the new members of our Fellowship for Emerging Leaders program, and this week we wanted to share a firsthand account of life after the Institute fellowship. This guest blog post is by our very first Health Fellow – Hector Zaragoza. Hector shares with us his experience while working with the Institute at the Golden Gate and how it has helped him in his current position with the Canal Alliance.
The Institute at the Golden Gate was an incredibly vibrant hub of busy bees navigating the uncertain roads of innovation. I was the Health and Wellness Fellow during the 2014-15 year and let me say that it proved essential to my success afterwards. As a convener and facilitator, it taught me the importance of listening to your stakeholders and providing a space for a wide range of voices to be heard and subsequently formulating a plan of action that reflects that.
The workplace encourages creativity and trailblazing yet provides the comfort of a collaborative team willing to pitch in whenever and wherever duty calls. If anything, it harnesses your individual spark and refines it through teamwork. No idea is ever shot down, quite the contrary; the iterative nature of the work requires constantly finding new ways to do things along with an attitude that is never quite satisfied. You learn to deal with uncertainty and the ambiguity of first-of-their-kind projects. You will be challenged to step out of your comfort zone, but that’s ok, the team has your back.
Flash forward a few months and I am now the Volunteer and Event Coordinator for Canal Alliance, a community resource agency dedicated to helping low-income, Spanish-speaking immigrants acquire the tools they need to thrive. Good thing for me is that I now have a toolkit from my work at the Institute that enables me to push boundaries at work. I am responsible for managing our volunteer base across our program areas that include: food distribution, immigration and legal services, English as a Second Language classes, and more. I also get the opportunity to organize events. The Institute is a hub of innovation and this instilled a sense of urgency in me to innovate through brainstorming sessions with colleagues or conversations by the “water cooler.” These informal sessions led me to redesign our intake process for volunteers to increase efficiency. I developed these interpersonal and teamwork skills at the Institute that continually lead us as a team to think “outside the box.” The Institute is also always on the lookout for new tools that can help improve their work. Here at Canal Alliance, I am now responsible for implementing the use of Smartsheets, a project management tool, within our department to increase productivity.
Whatever the challenge may be, the Institute provides the knowledge, resourcefulness, and confidence to go into uncharted territory and make your mark.
Volunteer and Event Coordinator
The Institute is happy to announce the Fellowship for Emerging Leaders Class of 2015! Rhianna and Sophia have traveled across the United States to be a part of our team here at the Institute at the Golden Gate and we are delighted to have them. We'll turn this post over to them to tell you a bit about themselves, their motivation, and their fellowship projects...
Hi, my name is Rhianna and I have traveled across the country to be a part of the Institute at the Golden Gate team. I recently graduated from American University with a degree in Public Health. Serving as the Health Fellow, I will be detailing the story of Healthy Parks, Healthy People: Bay Area. Over the next 6 months I will be developing a report that documents where the collaborative started, what it has accomplished so far, and where it is going in the future. I am excited to sit down with change makers in the Bay Area and begin to better understand the impact that parks have on our community.
The recent buzz surrounding public health has started to show people that health exists far beyond exposure to a bacterial or chemical agent. This emerging holistic view of health, encompassing both social and environmental factors, requires holistic solutions. I hope that my work will further highlight parks as a holistic and upstream solution to many of the problems our society faces today. Personally, parks have provided me with both a place to exercise and the space to ease my mind. Parks bring balance to my ever-changing life. I look forward to being able to give back to both parks and people through my work here at the Institute.
Introducing Sophia Choi
Hello, my name is Sophia Choi and I am the new Urban Fellow at the Institute. Just about two weeks ago I drove across the country from New York City in only six days! I am very new to the West Coast and am so lucky to have this opportunity to work for the Institute, so I can learn more about and explore the beautiful parks of the Bay Area.
I just recently graduated from New York University with a degree in Architecture & Urban Planning. Through my academics, I grew passionate about rising urban challenges in major cities of the world as well as environmentalism and sustainability. I am beginning to discover that metropolitan cities and their public spaces and parks play a greater role than just improving lives of its residents – they are models for a sustainable future for both people and the environment.
Here at the Institute, I will be working on a few projects. The first is a case study of post-to-park transformations, where I will be researching former military sites that have turned into successful parks. I will be assessing park planning, development, and engagement and identifying best practices to create a “how-to” guide for future park visionaries. The second part of my fellowship is storytelling research. Community engagement is extremely important for any urban discipline and effective storytelling will have an impact on education, awareness, and growth in any city. With my editorial experience and creativity, I will be researching methods in storytelling and using those methods to create a multimedia project on the story of Fort Baker.
I am extremely excited to be in San Francisco, a beautiful city full of culture but also surrounded by the most wonderful parks and open spaces. And I am doubly excited for my upcoming projects at the Institute!
This week’s blog post comes from Elizabeth Lindner, Program Manager, Internships and Service Initiatives, at the Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy. Elizabeth had the opportunity to attend a Diversity Conference in Yosemite National Park and shares her experiences and thoughts on the gathering and its implications for the National Park Service and the environmental movement at large.
In May, 30 professionals gathered in Yosemite National Park to pioneer a solution-based conversation about inclusion, relevancy, and diversity in outdoor spaces. I was very fortunate to be invited to this historic summit. We were led by Teresa Baker, an outspoken advocate for making environmental organizations and outdoor spaces more representative of the country’s demographics. Teresa joined forces with Robert Hanna, the great-great-grandson of John Muir, to bring us all together.
I think that we all came there with some sense of trepidation, wondering exactly what the next three days would bring. Most discussions fail to get into the difficult realities about why diversity, inclusion, and relevancy have been discussed for 20 years without much actual change, but this summit was different. Teresa and Robert immediately encouraged us to be open, honest, and dive deep into the tough questions about diversity. Nothing was off the table – and it was completely refreshing.
There was a lot of frustration that came out around our circle. And while none of us had any easy answers, the simple task of being heard and listening to people who experienced the same thing, provided a strong sense of support and motivation. Though we couldn’t solve the issue of diversity, relevancy, and inclusion in outdoor spaces, we made an impact on the discussion itself. We outlined strategies and ideas to promote inclusion, we reinvigorated each other to go back and continue to work towards diversity in spite of the obstacles, and we brought attention to the broader environmental community that this deliberate discussion was taking place (even making the Facebook page of the National Park Service!). And for ourselves, we created a tight network and community to help inspire us to keep moving forward.
I feel incredibly lucky to have spent four days with a group of amazing, hilarious, and absolutely wonderful people. There are few words to describe how much each of them inspired me to be a better public servant. I am more confident than ever that we can create a more representative and inclusive environmental community.
Program Manager, Internships and Service Initiatives
Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy
Photo Credit: James E. Mills at The Joy Trip Project
In 2014, the Institute at the Golden Gate published a Bay Area Climate Change Education Needs Assessment to capture the state of climate communication in the region. This report demonstrated that there are many challenges to developing climate change programming—such as a lack of time, staff capacity, locally relevant data, and engaging curriculum—but that there is an immense interest from educators to persevere through these obstacles together. The Needs Assessment, discussed in greater detail in this blog post, further illustrated that 84% of survey respondents are interested in collaborating with their peers to address these challenges.
Hoping to address this need, the Institute at the Golden Gate convened the Bay Area Climate Literacy Collaborative in August 2014. Since its inception, the Climate Literacy Collaborative has brought together over 25 organizations, ranging from federal agencies to local science museums, serving constituencies from all around the Bay Area, all with the commitment to create high-quality, impactful climate programming. While still in its early stages, the Climate Literacy Collaborative has managed to gain steam quickly. Thus far, we have drafted the following vision, mission, and priority project areas:
Vision: Climate literacy and action are universal throughout the Bay Area. Climate science is an integral component of learning in the region. A culture of sustainability has become the social norm and communities are taking an active role in building their own climate resilience.
Mission: To increase climate literacy and action throughout the Bay Area by sharing successes and by building capacity of climate educators and messengers.
We greatly look forward to working with these dedicated educators to advance climate literacy and action in the Bay Area. As we move out of our strategic planning phase, stay tuned for updates on the unique work of the Bay Area Climate Literacy Collaborative.
Sign up for the Bay Area Climate Literacy Collaborative monthly newsletter here!
The Institute at the Golden Gate seeks to support park leaders in effectively stewarding the natural and cultural resources under their care, creating long-term methods for ensuring the sustainability of these important systems. With our increased dependence on technology and the growing distance between youth and our natural areas, parks must examine all of the tools at their disposal—both new and existing—to ensure that they are building authentic, valuable connections with the communities that they seek to serve.
Looking at this challenge, we have begun to ask: Which tools can parks best utilize in order to create future generations of stewards from an increasingly urban population? Might internships be one such useful tool in achieving this aim?
Our Emerging Leaders Urban Fellow, Ruth Pimentel, saw that both the Golden Gate National Parks and Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore had established internship programs that appeared to be successfully instilling a spirit of stewardship in many of their participants. Wanting to put these observations to the test, Ruth conducted research and collected data on the programs. She found that interns at these parks often go on to be engaged, informed, and active park users – showing that successful internship programs can cultivate future stewardship.
Firmly supported by the Institute’s belief in the value of studying and promoting such programs, Ruth collected her findings into the Institute’s newest report.
Building Stewardship through Internships uses these case studies to identify strategies for building a successful internship program and offers a roadmap for other park leaders seeking to strengthen their internships. We are excited to share these findings and encourage you to check out the report!
I joined the Institute at the Golden Gate three years ago and in that time I've watched the conversation around the connection between parks and health shift and grow. In my first year conversations around the benefits and importance of spending time in natural settings were met with skepticism and a lot of blank stares. Often it took multiple, high touch conversations to convince and empower new partners to join us at the table.
Today, the table is large and still growing. The conversation is fueled by passion and carried by forward thinking champions from all sectors of society. Our biggest problem is literally finding a table large enough to hold these conversations around. Not a bad problem to have.
The first official meeting of the Healthy Parks Healthy People: Bay Area collaborative was centered around creating a unified vision. One that we could all see ourselves in - from health providers to community leaders to park agencies. What does a future where parks and health work alongside of each other look like? It was clear that everyone in the room could envision a world in which parks and health worked more closely together. Our individual visions, written on brightly colored sticky notes, filled a twelve foot wall in no time. Many months and hundreds of sticky notes later we came to our guiding mission: to improve the health and well-being of all Bay Area residents, especially those with the highest health needs, through regular use and enjoyment of parks and public lands.
Since launching in 2012, the coalition has grown to over 40 park, health, and community agencies representing all nine counties. This regional initiative has become a catalyst for broad policy change that advances the adoption of measurable recreational models that improve the physical and mental health of the highly diverse Bay Area population. The coordinated regional effort is setting its sights on creating the structural changes needed to resolve challenges such as transportation and access, which are critical to the people/parks/health connection.
We won't be able to tackle these hurdles alone. It's critical that every voice is heard, loud and clear. Our parks and public lands are imperative to the health of our population and it will take all of us to ensure that these spaces remain protected and supported for generations to come. That's why HPHP: Bay Area is proud to partner with Outdoor Voice, a regional initiative from the Bay Area Open Space Council.
With Outdoor Voice, you can discover opportunities to support the scenic treasures that best fit your interests, from quick actions you can take at home to outdoor experiences you can share with your whole family. Together, we can ensure that current and future generations will experience the awe and amazement of being outdoors.
HPHP: Bay Area is committed to amplifying all outdoor voices. Sign up today to help preserve outdoor spaces that help our communities thrive.
See you in the parks!
In our April 21st blog post, we discussed the exciting announcement by the National Park Service (NPS) that unveiled the Urban Agenda, including the launch of the Urban Fellows program. This innovative fellowship puts into action the Urban Agenda’s vision of how NPS can engage urban communities in new and enhanced ways. The Urban Fellows will be deployed in ten model cities, including one in our own backyard at Rosie the Riveter in Richmond, CA. They will have the exciting and challenging task of acting as liaisons between key park staff, park partners, and their surrounding communities. By evaluating and sharing their experiences with the broader community of urban park stakeholders, this program will yield invaluable best practices for the National Park Service and help shape future engagement strategies.
The fellowship kicked-off last month with an immersive onboarding workshop in the Golden Gate National Recreation Area at Green Gulch Farm, hosted by the Institute at the Golden Gate. During the workshop, fellows met with their cohort, discussed their vision for their two-year assignment, explored the principles of the Urban Agenda, and discussed strategies for cross-sector collaboration. They also met with key leaders in the field, including the Director of the National Park Service, Jon Jarvis; outgoing Superintendent of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Frank Dean; and President of the Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy, Greg Moore.
Fellows also had the opportunity to observe a local example of a successful park partnership. Jim Wheeler, Recreation Manager for San Francisco Recreation & Parks, Lisa McHenry, Recreation Leader III and our very own Kristin Wheeler of the Institute at the Golden Gate discussed the innovative partnership that formed the Healthy Parks Healthy People: Bay Area collaborative. The fellows were able to experience a typical First Saturday program, a free program for Bay Area residents that provides guided, light physical activity to improve mental and physical well-being, while also giving participants the chance to explore their local parks.
After an intensive few days focused on developing internal relationships and strengthening their understanding of their role in the Urban Agenda, the Fellows traveled across to Bay to participate in the City Parks Alliance’s Greater and Greener Conference and to play a key role in the NPS Urban Caucus, which followed the Conference. Through those events, the Fellows were able to connect with the larger urban parks community, further defining their role as part of the larger movement. Soon after the action-packed week, the fellows were deployed to their ten model cities.
Here at the Institute we are particularly excited to follow and support the work of Kieron Slaughter, who will be stationed with the City of Richmond as the Rosie the Riveter Urban Fellow. Watch this space for more developments as we continue to support and report out on the work of the Urban Fellows!
This year, May 10-16 is National Women's Health Week, as designated by the US Department of Health and Human Services.
Park use is not gender-neutral. Slide from Deborah Cohen et al. (Rand Corporation) presentation at Greater and Greener.
In honor of National Women's Health Week, we're shedding light on a structural issue that comes at the intersection of women's health and park use. Namely, we're wondering where are all the women in parks.
Park use equity is disparate among many different facets, especially for ethnicity and socio-economic status. However, new research is revealing just how disparate park use is between male and female constituents. Deborah Cohen and her team at the RAND Corporation is a year into their study of measuring park use through the SOPARC method. At last month's Greater and Greener Conference in San Francisco, Deborah shared preliminary results from the study and the results show a large rift in park use between these two genders.
Of course, the health benefits of being in nature have been stated many times on this blog, but the ramifications of having park use disparities is that parks' health benefits are disproportionately widening the gap of health equity. Collectively, women are already facing more adverse social determinants of health than their male counterparts. For women of color and lower socio-economic status, their gender is further compounded with other factors that limit their utilization of parks.
What does park use disparity have to do with women's health? Besides the fact that women are not getting as many of the health benefits of nature, the differences in use signal an underlying question of park design and programming. Why are women not in parks as much as men? Responses that suggest time constraints with motherhood and family obligations fail to address the larger role that parks and policies have to do with encouraging women--especially those with familial obligations--to go to their parks.
As we celebrate National Women's Health Week, we as park advocates must look at ways that we can reach out to women and especially women of color to bring them into parks in more substantive ways. Letting parks continue along the path of the status quo can lead to a further rift in women's health.
Being a superhero and working for a nonprofit or government agency can be tiring. Why not let us help treat you by holding your next off-site meeting with an amazing venue – Cavallo Point-the Lodge at the Golden Gate.
The Institute is proud to partner with Cavallo Point Lodge to welcome nonprofits and government groups to Fort Baker for engaging meetings – and a little R&R – in a beautiful national park.
November marks the beginning of priority period for booking environmental conferences, retreats, and gatherings at Cavallo Point Lodge. Between November and April of each year, the Institute offers special rates for overnight events to groups who qualify under a set of environmentally-focused guidelines.
Last week, during the opening plenary of the City Parks Alliance Greater and Greener Conference in San Francisco, National Park Service (NPS) Director Jon Jarvis announced the launch of NPS’s Urban Agenda. The Urban Agenda lays out the Park Service’s strategy for increasing their presence and impact in urban areas. Three principles form the heart of the agenda and lay out a new, more sustainable and intentional approach to working in urban areas.
These three principles are:
Truly embracing these principles will fundamentally shift the way that NPS approaches and functions in new communities. It will force NPS to break down internal silos and to shift the paradigm from “How can communities serve our parks?” to “How can parks serve our communities?”
The announcement of the Urban Agenda spurred intense and thoughtful dialogue on the role of NPS in urban areas. It also began the critical discussion on how we activate and implement these principles.
One key component of this will be the roll out of NPS’s Urban Fellows program. The Fellows are ten mid-career professionals that will be placed into ten model cities across the country. Their mandate will be to demonstrate the principles of the Urban Agenda, capturing best practices and lessons learned and acting as a model and inspiration for NPS parks and programs in other urban centers.
We at the Institute find this announcement particularly exciting as we have been collaborating closely with NPS’s Stewardship Institute, the Center for Park Management, and the Quebec-Labrador Foundation to help roll out this initiative. After months of behind-the-scenes work, the launch of the Agenda and the announcement of the Fellows represent a key milestone in our work to promote parks and public lands as a key player in building sustainable, healthy, equitable urban communities.
We look forward to continuing to model the “Culture of Collaboration” with our partners within and outside the NPS as we continue to build and support this critical movement!
Missed this year’s George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites? Or want to relive it through the eyes of the Institute? Check out our insights and aha moments below and share yours in the comment section.
Catherine Carlton, Program Manager
Chris Spence, Director
Honore Pedigo, Operations & Outreach Manager
Oksana Shcherba, Project Coordinator
Kristin Wheeler, Program Director
The social determinants of health, which coincidentally are the social determinants of park use (credit)
At this point, is it safe to assume that the term “social determinants of health” is readily understood? What about “social determinants of park use?” Can we also work towards consensus that these two terms describe the same barriers, for both health and parks?
Social determinants of health (SDH) are factors outside of an individual’s genetic makeup that influence a person’s entire health. SDH focus less on DNA factors, but more on the societal, community factors that determine access, amount, and quality of prevention and treatment a person receives. Not having health insurance covering the cost of treating an overactive thyroid problem is an SDH. Not being able to find a therapist who speaks the same language as you is an SDH.
As parks inventory their programs and activities to figure out how to bring more residents to the great outdoors, they are finding more and more that there are a set of barriers that create social determinants of park use (SDPH). Uncoincidentally, these barriers look very much like SDH. Here are a few examples that illustrate the convergence of SDH and social determinants of park use:
Capital: Families that are middle class or above are more likely to be healthier and live longer lives. Additionally, most park users (especially for national parks) are middle class and can afford the time and travel costs associated.
It is not a coincidence that SDH and SDPU are aligned in these substantial ways. Most parks were built around the idea of improving community health; Central Park in NYC was intended to be a natural refuge from the mechanical toils of factory work.
As National Public Health Week focuses on positioning the country to be the healthiest nation by 2030, we should pay special attention to nontraditional community health stewards that are already part of the community infrastructure. Mitigating social determinants of park use will be much like mitigating social determinants of health; we will have to be diligent about using resources to uplift the communities especially suffering from these social determinants.
Taking care of a community's health starts at making sure everyone has health coverage, but it doesn't end there. Giving all fourth graders a pass to visit America's national parks is a great first step, but it doesn't end there. To ensure that communities especially feeling the compounded effects of social determinants use their parks and live their healthiest lives, we have a special obligation to dedicate more resources to these specific communities. For a healthier nation in 2030, the onus cannot be on a single mother of two to wait 2 hours in a waiting room to be seen by a physician. As well, the onus cannot be on families living in neighborhoods plagued by gang violence to seek out safer parks.
To create a healthier nation by 2030, systems of care need to be changed and improved so that everyone gets timely care from health care providers, and cities need to work together to reduce gang activity and ensure that every park, no matter their location, is a safe park.
Bonus activity: Can you think of anything that could not be considered a social determinant of health or park use? It's harder than you'd think.
Last May we launched our Fellowship for Emerging Leaders pilot with two amazing additions to our team – Ruth and Hector. We were inspired by their desire to solve problems with new communities, impressed with their final reports and needs assessments, and bowled over by the amount of fun they brought into our office. It was bittersweet to see them move-on to the next stage of their respective careers, but we find comfort knowing they are both working for fantastic organizations now.
Today, we are opening the application pool for our 2015 Fellowship for Emerging Leaders. This isn’t an opportunity just for the typical “park nerd,” but for anyone who desires to have a lasting impact. We at the Institute believe solutions to our society's biggest challenges will come from passionate individuals of all ages, backgrounds, and experiences working together.
We are so excited to start the search for our 2015 class of Fellows; we hope you check-out this wonderful opportunity! More information can be found on our NEW Fellowship page.