With four out of five Americans living in urban areas, you’d be forgiven for thinking that our cities’ parks would be at the front of the line when it comes to resources and funding. After all, the evidence is pretty clear that parks bring enormous benefits to local economies, as well as to people’s health, wellbeing, and quality of life. Plus, parks in urban areas provide opportunities to serve new, diverse audiences and communities.
But in spite of all the evidence, our cities’ parks haven’t always been given the attention and resources they deserve.
In a time of leaner budgets and belt-tightening, how can we make parks in urban areas serve our local communities in the best way possible?
The Value of Collaboration
The answer is partnerships and collaboration. By leveraging the strengths of many different stakeholders – from park agencies to non-profit or corporate partners to local community groups – we have the potential to make the sum of our efforts greater than the individual parts.
The Urban Agenda
Our friends at the National Park Service have embraced this idea. For the past three years, the Institute at the Golden Gate has been collaborating with the Park Service's Stewardship Institute and a number of other organizations to support an “Urban Agenda”. This initiative supports collaboration across the United States, especially in areas where the Park Service has a presence and can help make a positive difference in people's lives. While many people view our national parks as mostly rural or remote, in fact that national park system has parks in dozens of major cities around the country.
The Next Stage – Hiring Urban Fellows
The next stage of the urban agenda is to hire “Urban Fellows” in almost a dozen cities across the United States. These new program managers will support the Urban Agenda and focus on how parks can serve local communities and meet their needs in new and innovative ways. The vacancies were recently announced on the government’s job board.
Here at the Institute at the Golden Gate, we’re proud to be working with the Stewardship Institute and our friends across the Park Service to assist this important initiative. This spring, we’ll be helping onboard the Urban Fellows and will continue to act as a partner as the Fellows start working in their new roles.
HPHP walk at Coyote Hills in January 2015. Credit to Mona Koh at East Bay Regional Park District.
February 15th was the last day of open enrollment for health insurance under the Affordable Care Act. While we know that taking a walk in the park is enormously beneficial to our health and wellbeing, we also know that having health insurance helps ensure that accidents and illnesses are cared for.
Although parks are not often thought of as involved to the Affordable Care Act, there is certainly a tangible connection that the law outlines that can truly shape the future of parks as health providers.The Affordable Care Act—formally known as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act—was created by lawmakers with the ambitious intention to make Americans healthier. Although the ACA’s most well-known facet is its insurance marketplace, this 2,000+ page law dedicates a hefty section (Title IV) to ensuring the connection of different formal and informal health and community systems to care for public health. Health starts outside of the clinic walls and that is why ACA’s Title IV emphasizes the need for healthier communities in community settings.
In Sec. 4201, the law states that the Department of Health and Human Services supports agencies that are “developing and promoting programs targeting a variety of age levels to increase access to nutrition, physical activity and smoking cessation, improve social and emotional wellness, enhance safety in a community, or address any other chronic disease priority area.” As part of Healthy Parks Healthy People: Bay Area and the National ParkRx movement, we see parks as natural health providers because they help improve the health and cohesion of the communities that they serve. We fully believe that on guided Healthy Parks, Healthy People walks, participants increase their physical and mental wellness, as well as their understanding and appreciation for the landscape and community. Health in all policies is an idea that has burgeoned with the ACA as it charges community agencies, from shelters to city planners to parks, to be stewards of their community’s health. HPHP: Bay Area and ParkRx are putting the idea of health in all policies into action. To learn more about both programs, visit our health page.
Healthy Parks Healthy People was a great idea borne from our friends down at Parks Victoria in Australia over a decade ago. Now, however, is the time when American national policy is open and receptive to integrating the park system into its understanding of community health. There is no time quite like right now to position parks as health stewards.
Although open enrollment has ended, you may qualify for the special enrollment period if you have recently experienced a change in life events.Click here for more details.
“We need the tonic of wildness...At the same time that we are earnest to explore and learn all things, we require that all things be mysterious and unexplorable, that land and sea be indefinitely wild, unsurveyed and unfathomed by us because unfathomable. We can never have enough of nature.” ―Henry David Thoreau, Walden: Or, Life in the Woods
Certain activities that have positive health benefits are measurable, such as how many steps a person takes or the distance of a jog. However, while there is tacit acknowledgement that concepts such as happiness, life purpose, and self-esteem factor into a person’s mental and physical well-being, they are incredibly difficult to measure. Awe most certainly falls under this category. To clarify, “awe” is a profound sense of reverence. As Jake Abrahamson of the Sierra Club notes: “it happens when people encounter a vast and unexpected stimulus, something that makes them feel small and forces them to revise their mental modes of what’s possible in the world. In its wake, people act more generously and ethically, think more critically when encountering persuasive stimuli, and often feel a deeper connection to others and the world in general…about three-quarters of the time, [awe is] elicited by nature.”
This past Thursday, I attended the Great Outdoors Lab conference co-hosted by REI, the Sierra Club, and U.C. Berkeley, which unveiled plans to launch a three-year longitudinal study of the cognitive and physical benefits of immersion in nature. This research will study the effects of the feeling of awe, as a result of outdoor recreation, on the physical and mental well-being of individuals, including youth participating in Sierra Club Outdoors programming and veterans. While many philosophers such as the American Transcendentalists and outdoor enthusiasts have long held the opinion that engaging in nature is essential for physical and mental health, this lab aims to corroborate this claim with scientific evidence, using state-of-the art lab, field-based, and mobile phone-supported data. Nature needs hard data to fuel the next generation of environmental stewards to use convincing science in addition to personal sentiment—which is also valuable—to highlight the necessity of maintaining our natural resources. In short, to change the perception of nature as a "nice to have" to a "must have."
Preliminary results from the 2014 pilot program from a cohort of teens participating in Sierra Club rafting trips showed that their experience in nature led to improvements in stress levels and quality sleep from baseline, increased feelings of social connection and life purpose, and led to an uptick in pro-environment behavior as a result of the positive emotions experienced during the trip. (Read a personal account of one of these youth river trips in Sierra Club Magazine’s latest issue).
In addition to detailing this study, the conference featured panelists and speakers from a variety of industries, including the healthcare, outdoor recreation, political, and academic sectors. Leaders from these industries further illuminated how physical, mental, and social well-being is intertwined and how nature can be at the nexus of these elements. Some of the most interesting dialogue of the conference was centered around how nature has helped and continues to help communities that have felt less engaged with their natural landscapes, including inner-city youth. For example, the non-profit Soul River Inc. recounted how meeting an African-American fly fisherman for the first time changed the ways some urban youth saw their role in outdoor recreation.
While the speakers at the conference came from different perspectives based on their given industries, the resounding multi-sectoral agreement on the importance of outdoor recreation is an incredibly hopeful sign of how collaboration will advance human and ecological well-being. In fact, it’s awe-inspiring.
Recent research shows that national park visitors do not accurately reflect the changing face of the American people. While the general population is growing ever more urban and diverse, the range of visitors to the national park has not kept pace. A 2008-2009 survey showed that 13% of the US population identify as Latino and 12% as African American. However those same groups made up only 9% and 7% (respectively) of park visitors.
In looking to the next generation of park stewards and advocates, this represents a serious concern for the health and future of our national park system. The Institute’s newest report examines one potential solution to this challenge: targeting diverse, urban youth through programming designed by and for the youth themselves.
Engaging Diverse Youth in Park Programs highlights two such programs that have successfully engaged new audiences in urban areas. In the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, the Crissy Field Center is an effective model for reaching more diverse audiences. A youth environmental education and leadership development center, it focuses on “engaging people who traditionally have had little—if any—access to national parks.”
The Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area near Los Angeles also has been implementing innovative programming to reach new audiences, including a downtown LA outreach office, targeted transportation support, and a suite of youth programs aimed at diverse students.
Based on methods and approaches used in these two locations, the Institute at the Golden Gate has identified best practices, devised a roadmap, and created a “how-to” guide for engaging with new audiences and communities. While recognizing that there is no “one size fits all” model, we hope other parks will find these tools useful in their own diversity efforts.
We would love to hear about your efforts to reach new communities through park programs. If you would like to connect with us about this report or our Urban Program generally, please leave a comment or contact us directly.
How can we support and protect nature in our growing and ever-changing cities?
This was the question posed at a recent event, “Bridging the Nature-Culture Divide”. The event, which was organized by The Cultural Landscape Foundation and the Presidio Trust, took place from January 22-24, 2015, at the Presidio’s newly-opened Officers’ Club.
The event was both instructive and entertaining. Some speakers highlighted climate change and rapid population growth, which create even more challenges as we try to preserve or support nature in cities. One presenter, Peter Del Tredici from the Harvard Graduate School of Design, provocatively argued that we should stop trying to create neat, orderly urban landscapes or even worry too much about what flora and fauna is “native” or “non-native”. Instead, he recommended embracing “messy ecology” that adapts to our changing world.
The event encouraged different voices and points of view. While the first half gave voice to experts from landscape design and park management, the second focused on those offering public programs in our parks and urban landscapes. This panel, which I had the pleasure to moderate, demonstrated that people need to be part of the solution to supporting nature in our cities. The Institute’s very own Kristin Wheeler spoke about the need to engage authentically with new audiences and communities, to listen to their needs and values, and to make our parks and other landscapes serve and welcome them. Sarah Schultz, a leading educator and curator from the museum world, spoke of the role art can play in engaging with the public in new ways. Jessica Chen and Guilder Ramirez from the Crissy Field Center told the audience how the Center has fostered a sense of empowerment and engagement with nature for young people from every neighborhood in San Francisco.
For me, the message I left the conference with was clear: if we want our city parks and cultural landscapes to thrive, we must make them as welcoming and valuable as possible to as many people as possible.
This past New Year’s Eve, as the clock struck 12am, I found myself straying from the usual resolution of re-activating my gym membership and instead set a goal of beginning a meaningful career. Once I was brought on at the Institute at the Golden Gate as Project Coordinator for the Climate Education and Urban Programs in January of this year, I felt that my goal of affecting positive change through my career could begin.
It’s not that I hadn’t had significant jobs before but, as some millennials can attest, I found myself going in few different directions after college. Through a series of events, I eventually came into the environmental policy space, with a keen interest in climate change. Throughout my graduate studies at the University of Southern California, I strove to strengthen that interest with research on everything ranging from AB 32-California’s Global Warming Solutions Act to looking into the history of environmental policy in the U.S., starting from one of the first cases on the rights of nature in Christopher Stone’s “Should Trees Have Standing?” Although my degree in Public Administration and Policy was general, I gravitated towards this policy tract, getting an extra kick when I could analyze the effectiveness of environmental policies, such as San Francisco’s plastic bag ban.
While attaining my Master’s, I worked with the City of Los Angeles, Department of Recreation and Parks on a year-long grant during which I gained an immense appreciation for the role of parks in urban landscapes. After much research, I found that parks held significance beyond the fact that they were the main backdrop of my childhood growing up in San Francisco as well as an infinite resource to my adolescent curiosity. They also have well-documented mental and physical health benefits, act as integral community spaces, and create economic revenue in the cities they are located in. Like nearly every other natural resource, they are threatened by climate change. This is just one of the salient environmental issues that the Institute at the Golden Gate hopes to address and I feel fortunate that I can take part in some of this work.
Conservation, expansion, and maintenance of green, open space seems like an easy strategy to help mitigate some of the effects of climate change; however, as the principle of Occam’s Razor points out, oftentimes the “simple” answer is the right one.
Now that the holiday season has come to a close the Institute is gearing up for another joyous season: conference season. The San Francisco Bay Area will play host to multiple park themed convening's over the next four months. Representatives from the Institute will be in the audience or on stage at the following events and conferences and we wanted to take this opportunity to invite you to join us!
The Economic Benefits of SF's Parks hosted by SPUR
Bridging the Nature Culture Divide III: Saving Nature in a Humanized World hosted by The Cultural Landscape Foundation
Transforming California's State Parks: A Blueprint for a Sustainable Future a Commonwealth Club event
Science for Parks, Parks for Science hosted at UC Berkeley in partnership with the National Park Service and the National Geographic Society
Greater & Greener, an international urban parks conference presented by City Parks Alliance
If you've ever thought of paying the San Francisco Bay Area a visit, this may be the perfect time. If you find yourself at any of the above events be sure and say hi to us. Stay tuned for a report back and highlights from these convening's in the coming months. It's clear that "For City Parks, 2014 Was the Year That Was (Great!)" and it's certainly looking like 2015 may be even greater!
See you in the parks (and conference center),
What memories will stay with you from 2014?
Here at the Institute, there are several moments and milestones that stand out for me as we pushed forward with our mission to make parks and public lands part of the solution to major societal challenges.
In our health work, I vividly recall a day in late October when we helped host a training on park prescriptions for 180 professionals from San Francisco’s Department of Public Health. This training was the first of its kind and should lead to nature and outdoor activity becoming a major part of people’s lives. Looking around the room, I was inspired and energized by the passion and commitment of these healthcare professionals.
Another memorable moment happened in Charlotte, North Carolina, when the Institute co-hosted a second national park prescriptions meeting. I so enjoyed meeting with doctors, rangers and other parks and healthcare champions from around the country who are leading the charge on park prescriptions nationwide. It’s an honor for the Institute to be supporting this growing coalition.
(Participants in the second National Park Prescriptions Convening, 2014)
Fostering New Leaders
A third moment that will stay with me from 2014 is when two young professionals, Ruth Pimentel and Hector Zaragoza, joined our Institute team. Hector and Ruth were the first cohort of a new Institute initiative, the Fellowship for Emerging Leaders. Designed to support and foster new young talented professionals in the parks and conservation world, it was a pleasure to have Ruth and Hector join our team for nine months in 2014. We wish them every success as they start on the next stage of their careers.
Making a Global Connection
A final vivid memory from 2014 for me is my time spent in Sydney, Australia, at the World Parks Congress. The opportunity to meet with 6000 dedicated parks and public lands professionals and decision makers comes around only once a decade. I was thrilled to present our work on the unique role parks can and should be playing in educating and empowering the public on climate change, including our new Climate Literacy Collaborative in the San Francisco Bay Area. It was an honor to be on stage with such luminaries as National Park Service director Jon Jarvis, and a thrill to speak at a session on the critical role of our urban parks and protected areas. But more important than the Institute’s moments in the spotlight was the chance to hear from other experts around the world, to share in their trials and challenges, and to learn from their successes.
Our work at the Institute is rarely dull. In fact, it’s a privilege to be part of a team dedicated to making our treasured parks and public spaces part of the answer to the huge problems that face us today – our healthcare and education crises, rapid urban development, climate change. The opportunity to make a difference is one that’s hard to pass up.
Looking ahead to 2015, we’ll bring more news through our blogs, website and social media on our plans, successes, hot-off-the-press news, and even our trials and tribulations (hopefully we won't have too many of these!).
Thank you for supporting us on our journey.
Director, Institute at the Golden Gate
Fort Baker after the rain
The past few weeks’ torrential downpours have awakened Fort Baker. The parade grounds, thoroughly parched from the summer and fall, had conspired overnight to bloom into lush green carpeting. Despite the constantly foggy, bleary, and downright soggy days that we’ve gone without seeing the sun, the verdancy of Fort Baker and the Marin Headlands peeking through the Institute’s windows remind us of the urgent necessity of rain in this severe drought.
Although we are still in a persistent drought, the past two weeks has given the state 94 billion gallons--by all means, a holiday miracle. As the Institute powers down to spend the next few days with our families and communities, we wanted share our stories of the miraculous gift of nature. Nature—whether it is the rain ushering in a green Fort Baker, a dandelion clock holding steady in the cracks of a driveway, or the brisk scent of eucalyptus trees wafting through the Presidio—is the foundation of the Institute’s work and we strive to protect nature, both professionally through our policy work, and personally through honoring the memories that we have of connecting with nature.
Noticing, appreciating, and caring for nature in any and all of its forms can start at any stage in life, in any circumstance, and in any place. Although everyone continuously moves through nature in the day-to-day, we wanted to recall our memories and share our stories of the first time that nature inspired awe in us. When did being in nature bring us feelings of community, acceptance, understanding, and joy?
These memories are still salient to us, these many years later. The gift of nature is perhaps double-acting: first, we have the initial sense of awe while in the moment, then we recall the memories of being in nature with a similar awe that transcends time.
As you spend this holiday season with your loved ones, consider giving them the gift of nature that they can look back on with as much clarity, wonder, and awe.
I didn’t realize it back then, but looking back now, I think my “awe moment,” or I should say moments, in nature were taking annual camping trips with my family and a large group of our family friends. No one bothered bringing any electronics, the only entertainment we needed was each other, and maybe a book for the car ride to and from the campsite. I remember doing skits and playing charades by the campfire, roasting marshmallows, waking up to the light of day and smelling pancakes and hot chocolate, and riding bikes with all the kids around the entire campground. It was fun for adults and kids alike because there was endless entertainment exploring the area, going on hikes, or swimming in a nearby river or lake. These are my favorite memories of being outside because we were closer to nature and closer to each other. My family is still good friends with all of the families we went camping with back then and I hope that when I have my own family I can start a similar tradition.
On a Tuesday in October my parents woke me and my siblings up before dawn and we loaded into the car without any explanation. I awoke a couple of hours later, still in my pajamas, rubbing my eyes I couldn’t believe I was staring out at Bridalveil Fall, watching the light bounce off of Half Dome, and counting the trees along the valley floor tinged with signs of autumn. This wasn’t my first time and certainly not my last time in Yosemite National Park, but it has been the most memorable. The overwhelming beauty of Yosemite is awe inspiring, but why my parents took us to this place, on this day, felt even more awe inspiring. It instilled in me the essential role that nature plays in healing and connecting us to one another, especially during some of the most difficult times in life. My parents helped me find my sense of place in this world and for that I will forever be grateful.
More of a preface than an excuse: I grew up in the suburbs of LA. In high school, a friend described to me the vast, star-studded skies over the Sonoran Desert she saw on a camping trip (“like someone took a piece of black construction paper and just pricked as many holes as possible with a tack and held it to light”). I saw approximately three stars on smog-less LA nights and this description of the desert sky was anything but believable. I filed that analogy away for years before I finally got to experience it for myself.
In college, I roadtripped to Arches National Park in Utah with friends. After a strenuous walk to the Delicate Arch at sunset, we trudged towards the car; sunlight vanished exceedingly fast and the rocks changed colors rapidly with the coming dusk. I happened to look up and saw the millions of stars that my friend had described to me all those years back. I never believed that I would ever be able to see something so Nat Geo with my own eyes—the stars really did twinkle and sit in cloudy clusters. This memory and analogy have sustained me for a very long time and have made me appreciate nature and love the American Southwest.
I grew up in a small town in northern England and our house was next to a canal. One summer day when I was 9 or 10, my friends and I took our bikes and followed the canal path further than ever before. First, we headed south. As the miles passed, pleasant middle-class homes gave way to an old city of run-down terraced houses, broken windows, shuttered factories and post-industrial decay.
Eventually, we turned around and cycled back, passing my house and pedaling north past open fields, streams and finally, purple and green moorlands. The contrast of urban decline so close to the stunning Yorkshire moors struck me hard. Imagine Detroit right next door to Muir Woods! I knew even then how much happier I felt among the trees and fields than in the city's crumbling foundries and empty sweatshops. I believe this experience was the start of my lifelong passion for environmental stewardship and sustainable development.
My high school had this amazing yearly science trip to Death Valley for Juniors and Seniors in good academic standing. It was a weeklong trip – leaving at 4am on a Sunday morning and returning Friday afternoon. We had old army canvas tents that leaked (I know because it rained one year I went and we were laid in puddles each night) and cooked our meals by campfire. Each day our teacher and the other chaperones would split us up into groups and we would go off to learn about the mineral deposits at Artist’s Palette, the geographical history of Golden Canyon, plant ecology at varying altitudes, desert oases such as Darwin Falls, and more. My first year, I remember staying up late chatting with friends in sleeping bags on a tarp (it did not rain that year) and staring up at the stars; the following year, as a returner, I was allowed to search out native American cliff paintings with some interested chaperones. While I was fortunate to go on camping trips with my family from an early age, this was the first time I stopped to really think “This is amazing. Death Valley is beautiful and mysterious, and needs to be shared and explored.”
In 2009, I had just finished serving two years in the Peace Corps. Coming home to Marin and trying to find a job in the depths of the recession, I was going through a large life transition. I had many questions about my future and few answers. I suspected that I wanted to work in the environmental movement, but I had experience working in public health as well – maybe I would have more success finding a job in that field?
One day, during this time period, my dad and I were hiking around Bon Tempe Lake in the Marin Municipal Water District lands. I remember pausing as we came around a bend in the lake, the hills were golden with the fall grass, water birds were skimming along the lake, Mount Tam rose up behind the small valley. I was so awe struck with the beauty and so moved by the majesty of the nature that was in our backyard. It was in that moment that I realized that working to conserve and improve our relationship with the environment was the only field for me.
The issue of climate change presents unique and oftentimes difficult challenges to those of us working to combat it. Given the controversy and scale of climate change, it’s easy to see that effectively teaching about the topic would present its own set of barriers and challenges. But what exactly are those challenges and barriers in our region? And what are the greatest needs facing environmental educators grappling with climate change in the Bay Area?
Over the past six months, the Institute has conducted over 75 interviews with environmental educators representing 44 different organizations within the Bay Area to try and answer these questions. The purpose of these interviews was to paint a picture of the current landscape of climate change education in the region, identify common needs and challenges, and explore opportunities to support informal educators in tackling this topic.
In this effort, we are excited to announce the release of our newest report: Bay Area Climate Change Education Needs Assessment Report.
This report shows that environmental educators in the region are deeply committed to climate education. Seventy-eight percent of assessment participants reported that they are either currently implementing or are in the process of developing some form of climate programming. However it is interesting to note that these programs ranged from entire outreach initiatives based on climate change to one docent-led hike per year or lecture on the topic.
At the same time, environmental educators are facing a number of similar challenges to implementing effective, high-impact climate literacy programs. This assessment found that the primary needs and challenges could be broken into the following categories:
While these challenges may seem daunting, Bay Area educators are also committed to working as a group to address and overcome these barriers. We plan for this report to spark conversation, analysis, and action around how we can work as a community to support each other in addressing this crucial topic. We ask that you read this report with an eye to identifying opportunities and solution, and that you share it with your network of educators, engaging your colleagues in the discussion.
In this, the Institute is helping to lead this charge and playing a support and coordinator role in the formation of a Bay Area Climate Literacy Collaborative. To join or learn more about this collaborative, please contact us or sign up for our mailing list.
The Institute’s first session of fellowships is coming to an end. Hector and I can’t believe how fast time has flown since we started in May. In our time with the team, we:
Hector’s work directly supported our Health program by designing curriculum and administering evaluations for the Crissy Field Center as it began integrating health and wellness into its middle school program, and interviewing members of our health collaborative across the Bay Area. His efforts helped apply our park knowledge to improving health outcomes in specific, local communities.
My work focused on research that honed in on a couple of specific topics relevant to urban parks, helping the Urban program develop expertise on how the most successful parks are engaging a more diverse audience as well as creating an army of stewards through life-changing internships. The road maps and guidelines I developed as a result of this research will help park leaders countrywide tackle these growing challenges.
Hector and I have both been amazed at the talent and generosity of our colleagues at the Institute and throughout the Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy. We’ve also been inspired and encouraged by staff at so many of our partner parks and non-profits. Here’s to joining with you in our future careers using public lands for the greater good! We’ll see you in the parks.
Less than two weeks ago, close to 5,000 leaders from around the world came together in Sydney, Australia, for the IUCN World Parks Congress – the once-in-a-decade global forum on protected areas. Together, we tackled challenges such as climate change and illegal poaching, shared successes of healthcare partnerships to improve wellbeing, and heard from the next generation for stories of inspiration and hope. It was an honor to not only attend, but to share the stage with remarkable leaders from Finland, Australia, Singapore, and beyond to discuss how parks around the world are seeking solutions for a better world.
During the opening ceremony, leaders from across the globe took the stage to share what they bring to the table and express their hopes for a healthier, more sustainable future. We reflected on the last Congress that took place in Durban, South Africa a little over ten years ago, where keynote speaker Nelson Mandela pointed out that our youth may be the key to a better future, but that it will take each and every one of us to teach and empower current and future generations to steward the magnificent places that we are privileged to call home. Mandela’s words rang true at this year’s Congress, but I found examples of leadership and empowerment in unlikely places. The inspiration and examples of action that struck me most came not from the keynote speakers or high up government officials, but from community organizers, Indigenous leaders, and youth. Perhaps this is what Mandela wished for all along.
Given the state of our planet I see no reason why we shouldn't be filling every international stage with stories from the “doers" – those that choose to take the information we already know and turn it into action. I found the most inspiration and hope from the one on one conversations struck up while sharing a bench in the shade between sessions. It was in these deeper more personal moments that I felt the most connected to the global community. Sharing the challenges of partnerships with a community leader from Gabon and swapping ideas on how to engage low-mobility park users with friends in Australia – these are the stories I wish to hear, these are the actions that deserve the attention of our leaders, and these are the people that know enough to act and are bold enough to act now.
To read more about the actions and achievements coming out of all corners of the globe, I encourage you to read the Promise of Sydney. This document includes commitments, goals, and achievements that leaders and organizations from around the world will strive to make before we get back together in the next decade. While the details and testimonials are still coming together, what we do know is that our global community promises to INVIGORATE, INSPIRE, and INVEST in every way that we can to create a healthier and more sustainable future for all.
I personally promise to look for inspiration at all levels and more importantly continue to act so that future generations inherit a better planet than the one we have now. In ten years’ time when park and protected area professionals come together again I have hope that those on stage will be Indigenous leaders, youth, community organizers, and the “doers” of the world. If this comes to fruition I believe we will have made Mandela and our global community proud.
Diversity, what is that? One of the main topics of conversation in the environmental movement is that of diversity. Here in the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, we are home to an incredibly diverse population, both culturally and ethnically. Therefore the question remains how parks can actively engage all of these different communities.
Last Thursday I had the chance to attend an event put on by Latino Outdoors called “Yo Cuento.” The title of the event can be interpreted in various ways – I count (as in numbers), I tell a story, or I matter. The founder of the organization, Jose Gonzalez, brought people together to explore the role of culture as it pertains to an individual’s interpretation of the outdoors.
In essence, different cultures interpret nature in different ways. The park world should therefore step outside of its park mentality and be willing to go into unexplored and perhaps uncomfortable places to reach the non-traditional park user in an engaging and meaningful way. One of the main points of conversation revolved around viewing our ignorance, biases, and preconceived notions of others as a valuable trait rather than a hindrance. In other words, if we are open and honest about our ignorance then we set ourselves up for open dialogue and this honesty can be refreshing. We can do this by framing our data-driven messages with a dose of storytelling.
Ask yourself this, what is the Latino Story? For some it means illegal immigration or Cinco de Mayo celebrations. Here is another question – have you heard of the Monarch Butterfly? If so, how are the two related if at all. Well, it represents both an endangered butterfly, and a symbol to migrant workers. Jose showed two maps – one represented the migration patterns of the butterfly and the other for migrant farm workers in the US. The two could almost be superimposed. This story gives personal meaning to both an environmental concern and a human concern with a much more powerful impact than a more traditional and scientific approach to the conservation of an endangered species.
This led him to talk about the academic research that supports the notion of culturally-dependent interpretations of nature. He showed the following adaptation by Charles Thomas of the original Edwin Nichols model:
He used this table to point out the subtleties of the different cultural interpretations of the outdoors. However, this is not a definitive tool but rather something to help us be open to differing perspectives. According to the table, some groups may be more interested in the scientific approach to nature while others may be more interested in how we can relate to each other in the outdoors as a group. Essentially, we should be using storytelling as entry points to topics of diversity and inclusion. We have to step into the discomfort that may come with changing our programs or services into something that may not fit our vision of what they “should” be.
One of the major questions revolving this topic is that of safety. How do you make people feel safe? One of the best strategies is to be willing to be vulnerable yourself by making explicit the existence of preconceived notions that are created based on biases formed from lived experiences. Once people realize that you are being honest with yourself and others, then it can lead to shared growth. To test, he showed us a picture of a Latino family outdoors as an example. It was a family of 3. They were wearing normal clothes and not the typical outdoor gear that is promoted by places like REI or the traditional Sierra Club member. He then asked the group if they thought that the people in the picture fit into the perceived notion of what gear you need to enjoy the outdoors. When compared to an ad put out by the Sierra Club depicting a lone person fully geared to go backpacking there were even bigger distinctions noticed. The message is essentially the same but it probably appeals to different audiences.
So, he then asked direct-service providers in the audience (mostly National Park Service rangers) to ask themselves, “What am I doing to create opportunities that people then choose to be a part of?”
What can you do? You can spark growth by learning different ways in which you can frame your story. This can manifest itself in doing outreach in non-traditional outlets for job postings, framing the program language so that it appeals and engages non-traditional audiences and finally, exploring what levels of discomfort you are willing to put yourself in to grow as an organization, as a professional, and as a modern conservationist.
“The Philosophical Aspects of Cultural Difference” Adapted by Charles Thomas from original work done by Edwin J. Nichols, Ph.D.
Hi, my name is Lori, and I’m the new Administrative Coordinator at the Institute at the Golden Gate. The responsibilities of my new role include being the first point of contact for the public, assisting with office organization and upkeep, and heading up the Institute’s social media communications. That’s a high-level overview of what I do on a day-to-day basis, but what I am most excited about working here is being a part of something that affects change on a national, and in some cases international, scale. I am proud to be a part of something that is so positive and empowering. I’ve only been working here for three weeks but the program managers and partners of the Institute have inspired me on a daily basis.
Another reason I am so grateful to be here is the national parks have a special place in my heart. Growing up, my family and I would road trip every other summer to a different national park. We visited Yellowstone, Yosemite, Zion, Arches and so many more in the western United States. I did not realize then how grateful I would be for these family trips. My coworkers and I were discussing the Healthy Parks, Healthy People movement the other day and how so many people have emotional ties to parks and the outdoors due to the memories they hold - I am one of those people. So many of my favorite memories are from time spent outdoors, such as picnicking in Golden Gate Park with my family, hiking in a national park, riding bikes with my sisters, and playing soccer with my friends. Based on personal experience, I can attest to the mental health benefits of the outdoors. Now that I work at Fort Baker, all I have to do is take a step outside and look at the San Francisco Bay and Golden Gate Bridge and all of my worries and stress disappear, at least for that moment.
As I learn more and more about the benefits of parks I am more and more determined to spread the word about what the Institute does. That’s where the social media comes in. Before working here, I had never heard of the numerous health benefits provided by parks, or recognized how urban parks can be used to engage and benefit traditionally underserved communities, or thought about the important role that parks have to play in educating the public on climate change, but as soon as I did I knew it was something I had to help get the word out about. For all of you who follow us on social media, I’m sure you’ve noticed my frequent use of the hashtags #getoutside, #hphp, and #ParkRx. The concepts of being outdoors, unplugging, appreciating parks, and taking advantage of what they have to offer should be something everyone is aware of and acts on as much as possible. Even if the only way for you to get outside is to walk to the grocery store instead of driving, you should do it. I’ll admit I’m guilty of laziness every once in a while, but even I can’t argue with the happiness this beautiful November weather brings.
San Francisco is a city of innovation. With a world class public health system and an equally impressive park system, it’s fitting that the two would work together to improve the health and well-being of its residents. Since 2012 the Institute has partnered with the San Francisco Department of Public Health, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, and the San Francisco Department of Recreation and Parks to bring the idea of Park Prescriptions to reality – and now to scale.
Despite having close to 6,000 acres of parkland within the city limits current San Franciscans, like most Americans, are now far more sedentary and disconnected from the land than previous generations. We are feeling the burden not only in our bodies but in our pocket books and communities. There is a rigorous body of evidence to prove that access to and time spent in nature improves our physical and mental well-being. But don’t just take the leading scientists and researcher’s word for it – take a stroll through a forest, swap out your treadmill for a local park, or simply take a step outside and breathe in deeply.
Last week San Francisco was once again put on the map for innovation. A joint training of 200 park and health professionals helped launch and cement Park Prescriptions as more than just a good idea. The groundbreaking training included welcome speeches from the leaders of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy, San Francisco Department of Recreation and Parks, and the Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health.
The role of the Institute was to help support, convene, and facilitate the day. A job that is often filled with spreadsheets, late night copy runs, and making a lot of last minute changes seem effortless. We’ve taken on this role to make it easier for our partners and champions to do what it is they are great at – to educate, inspire, and empower park and health professionals to work together, learn together, and ultimately make San Francisco a better place to call home.
It didn’t take long for me to forget about those late night copy runs and fifteen page spreadsheets when our leaders in parks and health took to the podium. I expected many words of congratulations and praise to be said throughout the day but what I didn’t expect was to hear such personal and authentic stories. Each speaker and trainer shared their connection to the outdoors; to the role nature had played in healing themselves and their loved ones and how those experiences have deepened their commitment to this movement.
The passion running through that room of public health providers and park professionals last week made all of the hard work worth it. I’m more confident than ever that we not only know enough to act now but that we will act now. Improving the health of our most vulnerable populations, strengthening ties in the community, and lowering healthcare costs doesn’t require a medical breakthrough. It’s time we all tap into those positive outdoor memories, roll up our sleeves and get to work together. San Francisco may be the first city to take Park Prescriptions to scale but I guarantee it won’t be the last.
Special thanks to Dr. Nooshin Razani, UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland; Dr. Curtis Chan, San Francisco Department of Public Health; Howard Levitt, Golden Gate National Recreation Area; and Jim Wheeler, San Francisco Recreation and Parks for their continued leadership and bringing this dream to reality.
Here at the Institute at the Golden Gate, we believe the time is ripe to help bring Park Prescriptions to scale. There are dozens of organizations testing the concept in parks and health clinics around the country, and the early results are encouraging. Imagine what would happen if every healthcare professional began to prescribe nature and every park agency was able to welcome these high health need patients. With so many people suffering from physical and mental illnesses, we have the potential to improve tens of thousands of lives across the United States each year.
To support the national movement, the Institute launched an initiative back in 2012 to connect experts in the fields of parks and health engaging in Park Prescriptions. In partnership with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Recreation and Park Association, we convene a national coalition of over 35 experts and practitioners.
Two weeks ago, the partners co-hosted the 2nd National Convening on Park Prescriptions in Charlotte, North Carolina. The workshop brought together leaders from around the country drawn from both the parks and health fields. During this full day workshop the group created strategies for on-the-ground advancement of the movement in order to support any park or health agency in starting their own program. Together, we set goals for communications, program resources, and data and research, and mapped the year to come.
One personal epiphany at the meeting was hearing from several doctors in the room about how Park Prescriptions can be used not only to treat people with illnesses ranging from ADHD to diabetes, but also as a "preventive" health treatment that can help healthy people stay that way. It is extremely rare for any health intervention to be both a treatment and prevention. I left the meeting inspired to do my utmost to help bring this growing movement to a whole new level across the nation.
In the coming months, we'll have more news as we start to deliver on the goals set by the coalition partners earlier this month.
Nearly one year ago, the Institute hosted a multidisciplinary conference that explored cutting edge research and best practice around climate change education and communication. Parks: The New Climate Classroom provided a wide-ranging, high-level discussion on how practitioners can engage new audiences and move people to take action on climate change.
Since then, the Institute has been exploring how we can take these lessons and use them to support and elevate place-based, informal climate change education in the Bay Area.
Our first stop on this journey was assessing the current landscape of informal climate change education in the Bay Area. What climate education programs currently exist? What are the challenges? What are the needs? And is there a role for us to support environmental educators in developing and delivering these programs?
To find the answer to these questions, we embarked on a formal needs assessment. From June to September, the Institute interviewed over 70 Bay Area environmental educators from over 40 different organizations. These included park and other government agencies, museums, aquariums, place-based and sustainability-focused education organizations, and more.
While we are still analyzing the results, one outcome was clear: Bay Area environmental educators are passionate about increasing the quantity, quality, and impact of their climate change programs. There is a strong sense of urgency and broad agreement on the importance of addressing this issue. At the same time, many educators are struggling with challenges unique to climate change. How do we discuss climate change in a way that empowers rather than overwhelms our audience? How do we talk about climate change in a way that is age appropriate? How do we inspire our learners to take action and how do we measure those impacts?
To help environmental educators tackle these and other challenges, the Institute is facilitating the formation of a Bay Area collaborative whose ultimate vision is to build climate literacy and action throughout the Bay Area.
While we are in the very early stages of our collaborative formation, the Institute has found the level of interest and passion for this initiative to be inspiring. Over the coming months, we will be working with these environmental education organizations to develop a common agenda, collaborative structure, working groups, and shared outcomes.
It is a very exciting time for this group and we can’t wait to see how it all develops. Watch this space for the results of our needs assessment, due to be completed next month, as well as regular updates on the progress of the Bay Area climate literacy collaborative!
The Institute has been analyzing fabulous, unexpected outreach strategies at work in national parks near big cities. In particular, we have been trying to identify just what makes youth programs at Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area and the Golden Gate National Parks so ridiculously effective at engaging young people from a wide range of ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds. Both parks are employing small but mighty program strategies to go after audiences that aren’t traditionally major park users, and we’ll share those key tools in our diversity report by the end of the year.
In the meantime, however, we’re also finding an underlying philosophical approach that is not intuitive: quit focusing on the park. When park program managers let go of their own program ideas and begin with the goal of serving a specific community, everything shifts—especially outreach strategy. This shift feels risky because it asks park staff to look away from the task of protecting natural and cultural resources, and to focus instead on helping people. Though preservation is important, it can easily become an all-consuming task that fails to take potential park users’ needs into account. Positioning the park as a dynamic solution to social ills, on the other hand, transforms it from delicately preserved museum piece to beloved tool. Parks with program managers who think this way are likely to be used more, with all the attendant risks, but they are also much more likely to be cherished and safeguarded by the growing number of people who use them.
At Crissy Field Center (CFC), this philosophy is hard at work in decisions about how to allocate staff time. With their people-first perspective, staff members regularly work outside the park, attending community convener meetings in under-resourced neighborhoods around San Francisco. This investment in understanding potential park audience experiences and challenges shapes CFC programs, instead of vice versa. And since the park has its finger on the pulse of what young, under-resourced San Franciscans actually want and need, its programs have a place in the social justice world of this city. It’s a different kind of outreach, but it seems to be working.
Every day, more than 750,000 people visit America’s National Parks. Many come for the wide array of recreational opportunities: walking, running, biking, hiking, birding, climbing, enjoying a picnic with family or friends – the list is almost endless.
Many visitors also come to our parks eager to learn: about the place, plants, animals and people who have called it home. With 95% of our learning opportunities happening outside a formal classroom, there are many different ways for people to learn something new and interesting in our parks.
The National Park Service has a long history as an educator and interpreter of America’s stories. In hundreds of parks across the country, rangers, partner organizations and volunteers help audiences enjoy transformative learning experiences. What more inspiring places could there be to soak up knowledge?
As the world transforms with new challenges and technologies, how can our parks adapt to serve people's changing interests and needs?
Earlier this year, the National Park Service published a new report, Achieving Relevance in Our Second Century. The report sets out a strategy for how parks can be relevant and of value to our changing population in terms of interpretation, education, and volunteerism. It establishes ambitious goals for how parks can be more relevant and inclusive of all Americans, and can take on the mantle of leadership in informal education.
The plan also raises the thorny question of funding and resources. How we can achieve our ambitious and lofty goals in a time of budget constraints?
The Institute at the Golden Gate is proud to support this vision and parks’ efforts to turn an inspiring vision into a practical reality. We believe in the power of parks to help inform, educate, and empower all Americans. Imagine if every young person could visit a park and leave feeling inspired and motivated about our country’s history or its current challenges?
In the coming months, we’ll have more news and announcements on how we’re supporting these important efforts.
On October 13th, the Institute will be co-hosting the 2nd Annual National Convening on Park Prescriptions with the National Parks and Recreation Association in Charlotte, NC. We have invited the nation’s Park Prescription champions to share their on-the-ground stories of program implementation. Our Park Prescription friends have programs that are unique to their regions, but we realized at the 1st national convening that there are operational hurdles that every program will need to overcome in order to create a sustainable program. At this event, this group of park managers, program managers, clinicians, and professors will come together to learn from each other.
Check back for a follow-up on how Park Prescriptions is moving forward!
Park Prescriptions are just one of the ways that our coalition partners are keeping people and parks healthy for future generations.